Democratic republics are replacing royal empires and dictatorships
How the world has changed since iron-fisted, bloodied-sword rulers and their supporters ran amok slaughtering million for their own personal power and enrichment.
|Abolished monarchs of the 20th Century|
From the earliest recorded history until well into the closing centuries of the Second Millennium royal wars were a brutal fact of life. Millions of innocent people were killed, empires rose and fell, and always it was claimed to be in the name of God.
For thousands of years state borders moved almost on a daily basis as royal thugs and their armies marched across the land. It is almost impossible to determine now how many countries may have existed at a particular time two or three thousand years ago, when all states were kingdoms.
Many countries were nothing more than single villages. The Byzantine, Frankish, Roman, Mongol, Ottoman, Persian, Portuguese, Songhai and Spanish empires were some of the larger or more enduring ones. Each was a privately owned kingdom and a ruthless, blood-thirsty dictatorship. But thousands of smaller states no longer exist due to war and conquest. For example almost 50 former kingdoms are now inside the borders of present day Germany and similar numbers disappeared into modern France and the United Kingdom.
Some royal dictators of times past were deposed by their armies and replaced by other dictators. A large number died in battle, while many were murdered by family members and other usurpers, and only a few died in old age of natural causes. Treachery was everywhere. Beheading, hanging, disemboweling and poisoning were popular ways for eliminating an unwanted king or queen, as well as unwanted commoners.
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As the Second Millennium reached its mid-point some rulers were grudgingly forced to yield to the authority of impertinent parliaments. At first it was only the Speaker who was allowed to speak or have an audience with the ruler. Full democracy was still a long way off and in a small number of states the king or queen is still the absolute and undisputed ruler. Now in many modern kingdoms the monarch is little more than a waste of space, but an expensive waste of space.
Like war, royal dictatorship was never a system of government that deserved commemoration, pageantry or glorification.
On the other hand, a republican system of government (res publica) is where power is exercised by the public at large through elected representation and normally excluding a monarch.
Perhaps the most successful republican country in history has been the United States of America, born of the British monarchy system in the 1600s and 1700s, the USA could be said to have kept the best of the British system and rejected the worst (including the monarchy) during the American War of Independence.
|The house where Thomas Jefferson|
wrote the American Constitution
However, the Americans still had some sympathy for the royal system at that time and demonstrated that by asking General George Washington to be their first king. Washington declined and instead became their first president for one term.
For over two hundred years while America prospered and rose to be a political and economic power in the world, Britain and the British Empire declined with half its people wanting the Monarchy and half wanting a republican system, but no-one being able to shake the apathy long enough to do anything about it.
The pace to abolish monarchies quickened during the Twentieth Century with 142 states going republican, including numerous members of the Commonwealth of Nations (formerly the British Empire). One the other hand, only eight current monarchies were once republics, the most notable of them being England.
|President George Washington|
In Australia, Canada, England and New Zealand republican organizations are experiencing a surge in membership.
It’s time for a change.
It’s time for a change.